What exactly is CBD? Where does it come from? What is it used for? If you have been wondering about CBD, you're not alone. These are just a handful of questions that we hear on a regular basis.
According to a pollen study released in May 2019, cannabis evolved 28 million years ago in the Tibetan Plateau. (1) The hemp plant itself, has been cultivated by humans for thousands of years. Some of the earliest archeological hemp evidence, about 10,000 B.C., comes from rope imprints on broken Chinese pottery. Fragments of hemp cloth have also been found in Chinese burial chambers dating from the Chou Dynasty (1122-249 B.C.). (2)
CBD is short for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is one of the most important components of therapeutic interest from Cannabis sativa. CBD can be extracted from both the marijuana and the hemp plant. This phytocannabinoid was discovered in 1940 by Dr. Roger Adams at the University of Illinois. During the early stages of cannabis research, scientists had limited knowledge of cannabinoid structure and an only partial understanding of the biological composition contained within the plant. (3) Because of this, early researchers could not accurately determine which compound was causing which effect.
In 1963 the stereochemistry (the branch of chemistry concerned with the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms and molecules and the effect of this on chemical reactions) of CBD was identified by Dr. Raphael Mechoulam.
During the 1980's Dr. Mechoulam and his team conducted a study on the potential application of CBD for the treatment of epilepsy as a hypnotic. In the study, Mechoulam and his team administered daily doses of 300mg of CBD to study a group of 8 subjects. Half of the subjects stopped having seizures and the others showed a decrease in the frequency of their seizures after only four months of treatment. Because of the stigmas toward cannabis during that time, the discovery was not publicized as any type of breakthrough.
**Fast forward 30 years later, GW Pharmaceuticals developed Epidiolex to treat seizures in epileptic patients. This was approved for sale in the U.S. in 2018 in conjunction with the Farm Bill that was passed, legalizing hemp with THC content under .3%.**
In 1996, California passed Proposition 215, making it the first state to legalize medical marijuana. Within a few years after, more states followed suit. This move is significant to the growth and development of CBD because researchers could now further expand their studies into cannabinoid medical uses. This prompted research into the potential of CBD for the treatment of a variety of ailments such as chronic pain, epilepsy, and numerous neurodegenerative diseases. Even with the legalization of medical marijuana, there was still a massive reproach to the idea of cannabis for personal use.
People sharing their personal stories on use and how cannabis has helped them is what truly started to shift the stigma. From Rick Simpson, a man who found relief from skin cancer with his aptly named 'Rick Simpson Oil' (highly concentrated cannabis oil) to numerous other moving stories from "every-day people" helped shift the mindset. The grassroots nature of the stories spread about CBD use and how it could deliver relief from conditions like anxiety, depression, insomnia, arthritis, fibromyalgia and more fueled a surge of awareness, nationwide.
A heart wrenching yet, miracle story emerged around 2010. A 5 year old girl with Dravet Syndrome hit the news. Charlotte Figi had been suffering from around 300 seizures per week - much of her ability to walk, talk and other normal 5 year old tasks had been lost. Her parents had exhausted every medical outlet by the time they turned to cannabis. After consuming a small dose of CBD oil extracted from a high-CBD cannabis strain, Charlotte's seizures stopped almost immediately.
The public's stories on how CBD has changed their lives have opened a wave of hope for many. Today, more research is being conducted on uses and benefits of CBD for not only humans but animals as well. We can find CBD products available online and depending on the state you live in, at your corner retail store. Here at Fully Activated, we receive countless product reviews and personal emails telling us how CBD is helping them find relief.
For more information on CBD, CBD products or to read reviews visit: http://www.fullyactivatedcbd.com